Leadership is a relationship that involves
mobilizing, influencing, and guiding team members towards achieving objectives
or set goals. It is an ever-growing, ever-expanding, and ever -improving
phenomenon. It is a process of supporting others to work enthusiastically for
shared aspirations. It is the art of leading others. It is the state of mind
and character not a position. A person who undertakes the responsibility of
leading a group towards the desired goal is a leader. S/he does not necessarily
have an authoritative position or might not be head of a team but he or she is
the one with the vision and the ability to achieve the goal in a new and
creative way. A leader is responsible for creating an environment where people
love to work and love to give their best.
There are certain core values for effective
leadership. They are values of transparency, freedom, commitment, culture, and
significance. A leader should treat people fairly and give equal opportunities.
Leaders should not be biased to a particular person, colleague or other
persons. Transparency means no favoritism, nepotism or conspiracy in the
organization. Similarly, a leader must create a friendly working environment so
that the followers and sub-ordinates are free to share their creative thoughts
and ideas. A leader should be knowledgeable, skillful and exhibit a sincere
commitment to work to serve as a role model to his/her subordinates. Adoption
of the values like openness, diversity, and inclusion as the culture of the organization
is inevitable for successful leadership. He/she should develop a feeling of
significance towards juniors in the working environment. People are not interested in who the leader
is, they are interested in how the leader makes them feel. Followers do not
care how much a leader knows, they know how much a leader cares. So a leader’s
involvement is directly proportionate to commitment.
A good leader applies different approaches
for effective leadership such as Strategic approach, Human assets approach,
Expertise approach, Unbox approach, and Change approach. In Strategic approach,
leaders work around planning strategies regularly for the effective delivery of
services. Human assets approach primarily focuses on the relationship between the
leader and his people. According to this theory, a leader believes in his people,
focuses on their issues, and is always emotional and sensitive towards them.
Even if a leader will not talk about process and procedures, he/she will think
only about the people of the organization. Similarly, Expertise approach is
concerned with certain knowledge and skills that a leader often focuses and
displays at his workplace. Unbox approach claims that a successful leader
always thinks out of the box. He will not follow the same way of doing things
which have been going on for a long time rather come up with innovative ideas
that benefit the organization for short as well as long term. Change approach
is a flexible approach to leadership which gives importance to self-awareness,
social-awareness, and self-management.
This approach embraces fresh ideas and adopts peoples’ interest.
The leader is a person, in many ways, who can
have different competencies, capabilities and characteristics. Several characteristics
or traits determine good leadership. It
includes resourcefulness, resilience, and personal values. A good leader should be capable to innovate
new ideas, improvise them, and strengthen the organizational abilities
pragmatically. Similarly, consistency
and discipline are integral to effective leadership. Since economy plays a key
role in the success of any organization, a leader must be able to analyze the
economic situation and make wise decisions. Regarding personal values, a good
leader follows a value system, admires personal skills and focuses on integrity
for the smooth running of the organization.
While some people believe that leadership
traits are inherent by birth, others argue that these are acquired through
proper training and experience over time. However, everyone agrees that leadership is a
dynamic issue and it is inevitable for a leader to hone his/her skills with
changing time and context. Leadership is a continuous process that includes
planning, organizing, directing, staffing, evaluating, and decision making. It depends on doing especially in corporate
companies. It is an influencing and inspiring process. As leadership depends on
effective collaboration, it involves the ability to enable, equip, and
encourage sub-ordinates and at the same time share their vision as the common
vision of the company or organization. Great leaders need to stand by people,
enjoy with people. Thus leadership is an exercise to achieve pre-determined goals
with cooperation, collaboration, and effective direction and is practiced and
learned over the time.
An analysis of effective leaders has shown
certain common features in them. To begin, successful leaders in any sector
have drive and passion towards their goal. They show initiative and are
persistent with high efforts, high energy level and high desire to achieve.
Secondly, they aspire to influence others and lead them. They show the willingness
to take responsibility. For instance, Nelson Mandela sacrificed twenty-eight years
of his life in Jail while advocating against racial discrimination in Africa.
Likewise, successful leaders exhibit integrity, trust, and consistency. Self-confidence
is another psychological asset that they possess. Since they do not harbor
self-doubt and have self-esteem, they convince their followers on what they
do. Also, they acquire job-relevant
knowledge and know about the company or industry, and understand
technicalities. Ability to gather, analyze, and interpret information, create a
vision and solve problems with correct decisions help a person grow as a leader
in any sector. Thus to become a leader is to possess qualities like vision,
external awareness, customer focus, political skills, policymaking ability,
confidence and trust, creative and analytical thinking, interpersonal
relationship, accountability, and decisiveness.
Best style leadership depends on the
situation: the task to be performed and the team performing it. The best
leaders analyze the situation and adjust their leadership style accordingly. A
leader must be proactive and should be able to take risks for overcoming
challenges and giving new direction for change. Having said that, the concern
of the leader should do the right thing and lead followers towards the right
path. Great leaders have always bounced back even at the time of difficulties. Failure
is not the option for great leaders and they never give up. To attain the desired goal, leaders are always
rigid on goals but they may take different strategies. There are countable persons in the world who
have created history with their efforts and effective leadership. They are not
in percentage but they are in numbers.
A good leader is of great importance from an
organizational level to the national and international levels. An effective
leader determines goals, guides and inspires people, boosts morale, builds
confidence of the team and develops team spirit. He/she is an agent of change
who makes people work together for achieving the pre-determined goal. Facilitating
changes from classical technology to new technology and classical system to a
new system is an example of effective leadership. A successful leader is like a
driver of a vehicle who is focused, determined and accountable to lead organization
to the destination through effective management. Leadership is the key level of
high organizational performance. Successful organizations have widely and
carefully great leaderships.
In conclusion, there is a significant role of
leadership in every sector of the country. A good leader brings vision, builds
team, allocates tasks, and motivates followers. Like every other field, an
effective leader plays a key role in determining the success and growth of the
educational sector. An educational leader should concentrate on organizational
cultures, strategic planning, and marketing. Methods for improving teaching and
learning should always be a top priority for him or her. Focus on raising the standard and school
improvement will surely help educational leaders meet the national objectives
of education system in Nepal.